HLLA8 - Chapter 1: Plot and Setting

California Standards

Here are the grade 8 standards that you will work toward mastering in Chapter 1.

Word Analysis, Fluency, and Systematic Vocabulary Development

1.2 Understand the most important points in the history of the English language and use common word origins to determine the historical influences on English word meanings.

Reading Comprehension (Focus on Informational Materials)

2.3 Find similarities and differences between texts in the treatment, scope, or organization of ideas.

Literary Response and Analysis

3.2 Evaluate the structural elements of the plot (e.g., subplots, parallel episodes, climax), the plotís development, and the way in which conflicts are (or are not) addressed and resolved.

3.4 Analyze the relevance of the setting (e.g., place, time, customs) to the mood, tone, and meaning of the text.

Writing Applications (Genres and Their Characteristics)

2.1 Write biographies, autobiographies, short stories, or narratives:

  1. Relate a clear, coherent incident, event, or situation by using well-chosen details.
  2. Reveal the significance of, or the writerís attitude about, the subject.
  3. Employ narrative and descriptive strategies (e.g., relevant dialogue, specific action, physical description, background description, comparison or contrast of characters).


  • Tone is the voice of the author.  To help you understand tone better, imagine the author's facial expressions.  View on these emoticons to help to visualize tone.
  • You will master mood and tone by 1) Recording your voice telling the story with Audacity to establish the tone and 2) adding soundtrack from FreeSound to establish the mood.  Class website for sound effect links.

HLLA8 Chapter 1 Pages Worksheet
Literary Skills Focus: What are Structural Elements of Plot 4-5
  • Lit Skills Plot Diagram -Definitions
  • Lit Skills Plot Diagram - Student Choice
  • Lit Skills Plot Diagram - The Three Little Pigs
  • Literary Skills Focus: How is Setting Relevant to the Meaning of a Text 6-7
  • Lit Skills Setting
  • Lit Skills Relevance of Setting
  • Reading Skills Focus: How Do You Analyze Plot and Setting? 8-9

    Reading Model: "Those Three Wishes" by Judith Gorog


  • Academic Vocab Matrix
  • Model - Connotations
  • Model - Plot Diagram
  • Model - Relevance of Setting
    • "The Treasure of Lemon Brown" by  Walter Dean Myers


    • Treasure - Vocab Matrix
    • Treasure - Connotations
    • Treasure - Plot Diagram
    • Treasure - Relevance of Setting
    • "Flowers for Algernon" by Daniel Keyes



      "The Circuit" by Francisco Jimenez 66-77


      "The Inn of Lost Time" by Lensey Namoika 78-99
    • Inn - Vocab Matrix
    • Inn - Connotations
    • Inn - Plot Diagram
    • Inn - Relevance of Setting
    • "Stop the Sun" by Gary Paulsen 100-113
    • Sun - Vocab Matrix
    • Sun - Connotations
    • Sun - Plot Diagram
    • Sun - Relevance of Setting
    • "The Medicine Bag" by Virginia Driving Hawk Sneve 114-115,
    • Medicine - Vocab Matrix
    • Medicine - Plot Diagram
    • Medicine - Relevance of Setting
    • "An Hour with Abuelo" by Judith Ortiz Cofer 114-115,
    • Abuelo - Vocab Matrix
    • Abuelo - Plot Diagram
    • Abuelo - Relevance of Setting
    • "Physical Science" Holt Physical Science Textbook 136-137,


      "Hawaiian Teen Named Top Scientist" Newspaper Article from Associated Press 136-137,


      "The Scientific Method" Magazine Article from Current Science 136-137,


      Writing: Short Story 154-162
      Preparing for Timed Writing 163
      Listening and Speaking Workshop: Reciting a Literary Work 164-165
      Literary Skills Standards Review 166-168
      Informational Skills Review 169-171
      Vocabulary Skills Review 172
      Writing Skills Review: Short Story 173
      Read On: For Independent Reading 174

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